Dental Crowns and Bridges
What is meant by dental crowns and bridges?
A dental crown or a cap is used to entirely cover a damaged tooth. Besides strengthening a damaged tooth, a crown can be used to improve its appearance, shape or alignment.
A bridge is used to replace missing one or more teeth. Gaps left by missing teeth eventually cause the remaining teeth to rotate or shift into the empty spaces, resulting in a bad bite, gum disease or temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders.
What are different types of crowns and bridges?
Crowns and bridges can be of different types of metal depending on the tooth they replace, its location and function, aesthetic requirement alongwith the cost-effectivity. The different types available with us include:
- Stainless steel crowns
- Metal Crowns
- All-resin crowns
- All-ceramic or all-porcelain crowns
- Porcelain fused to metal crowns
- Metal free Ceramic Crowns (with 5 years, 10yrs 25 years replacement warranty)
Acrylic-based material temporary crowns
When are dental crowns and bridges advised?
Dental crown is generally advised for the following cases:
- Replace a large filling when there isn’t enough tooth remaining
- Protect a weak tooth from fracturing
- Restore a fractured tooth
- Attach a bridge
- Cover a dental implant
- Cover a discolored or poorly shaped tooth
- Cover a tooth that has had root canal treatment
- For cosmetic purposes.
In pediatric patients it is advised in the following cases:
- Save a tooth majorly damaged by caries.
- When oral hygiene is not possible with a child it helps protect the teeth with high risk of decay.
- To reduce the use of general anesthesia for children.
Dental bridge is advised mainly to replace one or multiple missing teeth and are cemented to the natural teeth or implants (abutments, serve as anchors for the bridge) surrounding the empty space.
What preparation is required before starting treatment with crowns or bridges?
- The thorough examination of oral cavity, followed by X-ray of the concerned tooth receiving the crown to check its roots and the bone surrounding it.
- Sometimes root canal is carried out of the affected tooth.
- Building up the tooth support.
What steps are followed during the treatment?
- Your dentist will anesthetize the gums around the tooth
- Impression of the tooth to receive the crown (both upper and lower teeth to check for the bite)
- You will be showed shade guide to select a shade similar to your teeth.
- In the next visit permanent crowns are cemented.
What precautions should be taken post-procedure for success of the treatment?
- Minimize the use of sugary, starchy, sticky and hard foods.
- Avoid using the side where the crown is placed for few days.
- Chewing hard foods from the affected side should be avoided.
- Slide floss on that surface do not lift it.