Let’s Get Wise About Wisdom Teeth

What comes with age??

Wisdom??Who knows….

But wisdom teeth sure do!!

The mouth (or oral cavity) undergoes many changes throughout life. A major dental milestone between the ages of 17 and 25 is the appearance of your third molars also known as Wisdom teeth. These teeth have been called so because they come erupt at a more mature age.

As long as they erupt in a good alignment and proper position, they can teeth help you chew. Generally felling a little discomfort during the process of eruption of wisdom teeth is normal, but if you have pain, bleeding, joint problems see your dentist immediately.

In primitive people, the wisdom teeth had ample place to erupt as the size of the dental arches or the jaw bones was larger. Now, as a result of evolutionary changes, the sizes of the jaw bones have diminished resulting in insufficient room for the eruption wisdom teeth in many people.

If there isn’t enough space for them to surface, wisdom teeth are said to be impacted, which trapped in the jaw or under the gums.

This can lead to many dental problems like-

  • Food entrapment leading to growth of cavity-causing bacteria
  • Partially erupted wisdom teeth that can give bacteria a place to enter the gums and create a place for infection to occur leading to pain, swelling and stiffness in your jaw.
  • Caries (decay), plaque and tartar in neighboring teeth.
  • Crowded neighboring teeth.
  • A wisdom tooth that is impacted can form a cyst on or near the impacted tooth. This could damage the roots of nearby teeth or destroy the bone that supports your teeth.
  •  Even fully erupted wisdom teeth can be malpositioned often causing irritation of the cheek ,gums and difficulty in biting and swallowing

Reasons for extraction (removal) of wisdom teeth-

  • If symptoms, such as pain, infection, decay or severe malposition is present, it is best to remove them.
  • It is almost always indicated to remove a semi-erupted (incomplete) wisdom molar to avoid risk of infection and decay in the long term.
  • To prevent damage of adjacent 2nd molar (resorption)

Reasons for retaining a wisdom molar-

  • If the tooth is well-positioned, fully erupted and has an antagonist (opposing tooth in the opposing arch), there is no need to extract.
  • If the gum flap covering the tooth has been removed and the tooth is maintainable by regular brushing, it can be retained.

Prevention of wisdom tooth problems

The  problems  related to wisdom teeth can be minimized by predicting their eruption using a panoramic radiograph (OPG x-ray) and evaluating factors such as the size of the teeth, the formation of their roots, the direction of the eruption, the available space, the jaw bone, etc.

So remember. “It may not be wise to retain wisdom teeth” and “removal of these teeth will not affect the wisdom”.

Visit us at Kidz and Braces Dental Clinic, best kid’s dental clinic in Jaipur to know more about wisdom teeth, braces, your own dental care as well as your child’s teeth. We are a team of dentists specializing in child dentistry and braces treatment in Jaipur. Dr. Gaurav Ram Chandani (Topmost & Best Exclusive kid’s dentist in Jaipur, Rajasthan) and Dr. Bhakti Ram Chandani ( Topmost & Best Exclusive braces specialist in Jaipur, Rajasthan) along with a best panel of specialists of  RCT, Implants, Oral surgery, Gum care and advanced dental care.

 

 

 

Author Info

Gaurav Ramchandani